Birth Date: 3 April 1934
Place of Birth: London, United Kingdom
Nationality: British
Occupation/Field of Study Primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist and activist for non-human animal’s rights, known for her fifty-five-year-long study of history, family and societies of wild chimpanzees in Tanzania.

 

KEYWORDS: Chimpanzees, long-term research, evolution, primate tool use.

 

SHE THOUGHT IT

Jane Goodall is one of the most famous primatologists in the world. She has led one of the longest in-field studies of primates. Her most important discoveries are that chimpanzees have the ability to create and use tools and that, contrary to popular belief, they are not purely vegetarian; she also documented wars between Gombe chimpanzees, which were thought to be a peaceful species. Jane Goodall’s discoveries did not only change our perception of animals, but also the methodology in ethology. Before Goodall’s experiences at Gombe, research had been conducted only with primates kept in captivity or in short-term studies of animals in their natural habitats; however, little was known about their behaviour in the wild. Goodall’s main contribution to science goes further than her discoveries about chimpanzees, as she changed the way animals were treated and highlighted with her own experiences the importance of in field studies1 (p.371).

 

SHORT BIOGRAPHY

Jane Goodall was born in London, on 3 April 1934. Although her father, businessman and engineer Mortimer Herbert Morris-Goodall, never showed any interest in her education, her mother, Vanne Morris-Goodall, always supported her2 (p.2). Her parents divorced when she was 12. She attended secretarial school when she finished high school since her family couldn’t afford a University education for her and she started working as a secretary in London3 (p.31).

In 1957, an opportunity came to her when one of her friends invited her to a farm she owned in Kenya. Goodall left the city to save money for the tickets and travelled to visit the farm; once in the country, she moved to Nairobi to keep working as a secretary. Shortly after that, she contacted Louis Leakey, famous palaeontologist and anthropologist, who hired her as his personal secretary despite her lack of experience.

In this position, she accompanied Leakey and his wife to anthropological diggings. During these journeys, Leakey mentioned to Goodall his wish to find someone who could study chimpanzees living on the shores of Lake Tanganyika4 (p.92). He was convinced that studying primates would provide information about the first humans from a biological and anthropological perspective5 (00:03:21).

Goodall volunteered. Her dream was to become an “animalist”, not a “scientist per se”6. She moved back to England to learn everything she could about chimpanzees for a year7 (p.40), while Leakey secured funds from the National Geographic Society. In 1960, she established her research point at Gombe, accompanied by her mother and another assistant, since women weren’t allowed to go alone3 (p. 32).

When Goodall arrived in Tanzania in 1960 to observe chimpanzees, she didn’t have any previous experience in the field or any academic training. Leakey considered this to be an advantage, since her mind wasn’t biased by theory and made her perceptive to nature8 (p.264). Her approach consisted of making the chimpanzees used to her presence so that she could observe them5 (00:06:43). In her first year, she saw one of the chimpanzees using and creating tools. This observation challenged the “man the toolmaker” idea anthropologists held of human beings9.

In December 1961, she took a leave of her research to obtain a PhD in Cambridge at Leakey’s insistence6. Goodall was surprised to find that, according to academic conventions, she had been proceeding wrong: she gave names to the chimpanzees and talked of them in human terms, attributing to each animal unique features and personalities. This was considered to be unprofessional, because scientists should not become involved with the object of study2 (p.3). Some of the criticisms she received implied that Goodall taught the chimpanzees the behaviours she described10 (p.24). In 1966, she earned her PhD in Ethology with a thesis (Behaviour of the Free-Ranging Chimpanzee) that documented her five years of research in the Gombe Reserve.

During her years at Cambridge, in her travels back to Gombe to continue with her research, she met Hugo van Lawick, a National Geographic photographer whose photos of Goodall had been published on National Geographic Magazine and LIFE. They married in 1964 and had a son.

She established the Gombe Stream Research Centre in 1965 with the purpose of training students from around the world. By that time, Jane Goodall had been made a celebrity thanks to National Geographic documentaries and television specials about her research in Gombe4 (p.121). In May 1975, some of her research assistants were kidnapped by guerrilla soldiers working for Laurent Kabila. Even though the ransom was paid and the hostages were freed, some institutions cut their funding, meaning that she had to finance the research centre by lecturing in the United States7 (p.77).

In 1975, a year after divorcing Hugo van Lawick, Goodall married Derek Bryceson, a member of the Tanzanian Parliament and Tanzania’s director of national parks, who helped her during her troubles in 1970s7(p.76).

In 1977, she founded the Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education and Conservation, a not for profit, tax-exempt organisation that would become one of the main sources in financing her work7 (p.77).

Nine years later, Goodall’s perspective on wildlife conservation changed. In 1986, she attended “Understanding Chimpanzees”, a conference with chimpanzee experts sponsored by the Chicago Academy of Science. Almost every scientist present at the conference voiced their worries about the habitats of chimpanzees being destroyed by environmental conditions and illegal hunting. She also became aware of the harsh treatment animals were enduring in captivity. Around this time, she became engaged in animal rights and environmental activism, and hasn’t stopped since then7 (p. 86).

Even in her early days, Jane Goodall was already a role model for girls who wanted to pursue a career in any scientific field. However, she never felt comfortable with the feminist label which was thrown upon her, although she admitted that if her environment while growing up had been different and if she had encountered difficulties or discrimination, she would have engaged in the feminist movement 3 (p.33).

In spite of her not enjoying the public attention at first, she came to know how to profit from her fame by using it to spread her environmental and animal rights messages4 (p.121). Since her awakening as an activist, Goodall has participated in several documentaries, speaking of conservation, non-human animal rights, and environmental issues, such as Racing Extinction (2015) and Surviving Progress (2011), or Seed: The Untold Story (2016).

 

SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION AND RECOGNITION

Famous British palaeontologist Louis Leakey was the main benefactor in Jane Goodall’s career. He was able to see in the young Jane Goodall the curiosity that would eventually make her a good scientist. Goodall wasn’t, however, the only “angel” Leakey discovered. In the decades following Goodall’s beginning her research in Tanzania, Diane Fossey and Biruté Galdikas also engaged in in-field studies under Leakey’s supervision; Fossey went to Congo and Rwanda to study gorillas and Galdikas established her research point in Indonesia to observe orangutans. All three of them were labelled as the Lady Trimates or Leakey’s Angels during those years. Due to Goodall’s presence and her numerous appearances in National Geographic Magazine, primatology was considered a feminist science, since it offered a relatively safe space for women to investigate8 (p.264).

Leakey’s choices weren’t random. He sent love letters to Goodall, who managed to turn his advances into fatherly love, although in an interview she admitted to be “always slightly nervous that I might lose the opportunity because, well, he was a womaniser.”3 (p.32)

Jane Goodall’s work at the Gombe animal reserve changed the general perception of animals, especially in what comes to the way their capabilities are evaluated. Before Goodall’s long-term study in Tanzania, Western scientists didn’t conceive non-human animals as being able to create and use tools. At first, the scientific community wrote off her achievements because they considered her approach inappropriate: she named the chimpanzees she studied, considering each of them as an individual, with its own personalities and features. This aspect, perceived nowadays as one of the most revolutionary in her approach, was underestimated by the scholars at that time1.

She offered insights into the existing relationships between chimpanzees and documented in them different emotions generally exclusively attributed to human beings, such as jealousy, love, kindness, etc., thus helping to narrow the perceived gap of intelligence between Homo sapiens and pan troglodytes9.

Her work also changed the course of primatology: before Goodall’s experience at Gombe, research had been conducted only with primates in captivity or in short-term studies of the animals in their natural habitats. Little was known about their behaviour in the wild1 (p.371). Her approach set a new pattern and a new ethical model in the area of primatology that has been followed since9.

One of the methods she employed was the building of an artificial feeding site on her camp to properly study them and avoid long travels across the jungle.  Although in the 1960s this procedure wasn’t perceived as problematic, today it is considered to be inappropriate since it might alter the animal’s behaviour1 (p.372). A few decades later, in the 1990s, this method raised controversy regarding her research. She documented a long war between two chimpanzee families, defeating the general belief that primates were a peaceful species. In her book The Egalitarians, Margaret Power defended that the artificial feeding installation might have triggered the aggressive behaviour Goodall observed, since previous researchers hadn’t observed it and Goodall herself noted that aggressive displays were rarer than affection displays2 (p.4).  She modified this method and developed rules against contact with animals1 (p.372).

Jane Goodall holds 47 honorary degrees. In 2002, she was appointed a United Nations Messenger of Peace and two years later HRH Prince Charles presented her with the title of Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire. She’s a member of the advisory board of BBC Wildlife and Patron of Population Matters, a UK association that addresses population sustainability. Among the many honours she has received are the Gandhi King Award for non-violence and the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Life Science; she has also been a member of the board of the Non-Human Rights Project since 1996.

 

SHE SAID IT

I was heavily criticised for talking about chimpanzees having personalities, minds and feelings. I was accused of being anthropomorphic, but I thought, ‘How arrogant of us to assume that we are the only beings with personalities, minds and feelings.’

cited in “Going Ape” (2011) interviewed by Robert Hinde, Biologist, Vol. 58 (4), p22-25

 

As I am not a defeatist it only made my determination to succeed stronger I never had any thought of quitting, I should forever have lost all self-respect if I had given up.

cited in Among The Wild Chimpanzees (1984), wri. Barbara Jamper, National Geographic, television (00:08:10)

 

We have and enormous power if we use it correctly. With just a little effort, it’s amazing how quickly things can turn around.

cited by Schleier, Curt (May 2000), “Jane of the Jungle: Jane Goodall’s Life Among The Chimps”, Biography Magazine, p. 121

 

It’s perfectly possible to be incredibly emotional involved, feeling great empathy for your subject.

cited in “Jane Goodall: A Retrospective, National Geographic” (2010), Youtube, uploaded by National Geographic, (00:02:39-00:02:50)

 

It’s very clear to me that unless we get a critical mass of people involved in trying to create a better world for our great-grandchildren, we’d better stop having children altogether.

cited by Moss, Stephen (13 Jan. 2010), “Jane Goodall: ‘My Job Is To Give People Hope’”, The Guardian 

 

If we stop now, everything’s going to go. So we have to keep on doing our best for as long as we can, and if we’re going to die, let’s die fighting.

cited by Moss, Stephen (13 Jan. 2010), “Jane Goodall: ‘My Job Is To Give People Hope’”, The Guardian 

 

PRIZES, DISTINCTIONS, AND HONOURS

Jane Goodall holds a total of 47 honorary degrees, including ones from the University of Toronto and Toronto’s Ryerson University, the University of North Carolina, the University of Philadelphia, the University of Southern California, the University of Utrecht, Munich University, Edinburgh University, among others.

1974: Conservation Award, Women’s Branch of the New York Zoological Society, USA
1980: Order of the Golden Ark, World Wildlife Award for Conservation, presented by HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, Netherlands
1984: J. Paul Getty Wildlife Conservation Prize, Tanzania
1985: Living Legacy Award, the Women’s International Center, USA
1986: R.R. Hawkins Award for the Outstanding Technical, Scientific or Medical book of 1986, to Bellknap Press of Harvard University Press, Boston. For her book The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Pattern of Behaviour
1986: The Wildlife Society (USA) Award for “Outstanding Publication in Wildlife Ecology and Management” For her book The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Pattern of Behaviour
1987: The Albert Schweitzer Award of the Animal Welfare Institute, USA
1988: Centennial Award, National Geographic Society, USA
1989: Encyclopaedia Britannica Award for Excellence on the Dissemination of Learning for the Benefit of Mankind, USA
1989: Anthropologist of the Year Award
1989: Parenting’s Reading-Magic Award for “Outstanding Book for Children” for her book My Life with the Chimpanzees
1989: The UNICEF Award for the best children’s book for The Chimpanzee Family Book
1990: Austrian state prize for best children’s book for The Chimpanzee Family Book
1990: Gold Medal of the Society of Women Geographers, USA
1990: The Kyoto Prize in Basic Science, Japan
1991: The Edinburgh Medal, UK
1991: Penguin edition, UK. American Library Association “Best” list among Nine Notable Books (Nonfiction) for 1991 for Through a Window: My Thirty Years with the Chimpanzees of Gombe
1993: Rainforest Alliance Lifetime Achievement Award, USA
1993: New York Times “Notable Book” for Visions of Caliban
1995: Commander of the British Empire, presented by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, UK
1995: The National Geographic Society Hubbard Medal for Distinction in Exploration, Discovery, and Research, USA
1995: Lifetime Achievement Award, In Defense of Animals, USA
1995: Honorary Wardenship of Uganda National Parks, Uganda
1996: The Tanzanian Kilimanjaro Medal, Tanzania
1996: The Primate Society of Great Britain Conservation Award, UK
1997: Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, USA
1997: David S. Ingalls, Jr. Award for Excellence
1997: Royal Geographical Society/Discovery Channel Europe Award for A Lifetime of Discovery
1997: Global 500 Roll of Honour Award, UNEP, Seoul, Korea
1998: Disney’s Animal Kingdom Eco Hero Award, USA
1998: National Science Board Public Service Award, USA
2001: Rungius Award of the National Museum of Wildlife Art, USA
2001: Master Peace Award
2001: Gandhi/King Award for Non-Violence, USA
2002: The Huxley Memorial Medal, Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
2002: United Nations Messenger of Peace Appointment, USA
2003: Benjamin Franklin Medal in Life Science, USA
2003: Harvard Medical School’s Center for Health and the Global Environmental Citizen Award, USA
2003: Prince of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Achievement, Spain
2003: Chicago Academy of Sciences’ Honorary Environmental Leader Award, USA
2004: Dame of the British Empire, presented by HRH Prince Charles, UK
2004: Teachers College Columbia University Medal for Distinguished Service to Education, USA
2004: Lifetime Achievement Award, the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), USA
2004: Time Magazine European Heroes Award
2004: Medal for Distinguished Service to Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, N.Y., USA
2005: National Organization for Women’s Intrepid Award, USA
2006: UNESCO 60th Anniversary Golden Medal Award, Paris, France
2006: French Legion of Honour, awarded by the President of France, Mr. Jacques Chirac, and presented by Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin
2006: Genesis Award, Humane Society of the United States, USA
2007: Honorary Medal of the City of Paris, presented by Mr. Bertrand Delanoë, mayor of Paris, France
2008: Prix de la Fondation Prince Albert II de Monaco, presented to David Lefranc by Prince Albert II of Monaco
2008: Eurogroup Award, Brussels, Belgium
2008: Environmental Education Award of Hebei University of Science and Technology, China
2008: L.S.B Leakey Foundation Prize for Multidisciplinary Research on Ape and Human Evolution (Leakey Prize), USA
2009: United States Department of the Interior, The Secretary’s Lifetime Achievement Award, presented by Mr. Ken Salazar, USA
2009: Minerva Award, USA
2010: BAMBI Award, Germany
2011: Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Italy
2011: Honorary International Ranger Award, The Thin Green Line Foundation and International Ranger Federation, Australia
2011: Inspirational International Award, The Inspiration Awards for Women, USA
2011: Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, presented by the President of the Republic’s Counsellor Magistrate Dr. Elio Berarducci
2012: Lifetime Achievement Award, The Observer Ethical Awards, UK
2014: Better Malaysia Foundation (BMF) Person of the Year Award, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2014: Recognition of lifelong contributions to wildlife protection from MOTC, Taiwan
2015: Catalonia International Prize
2016: Environmental Public Figure of the year, Ecovidrio Awards, Spain

 

BRIDGING GAPS

Besides her contributions to primatology and anthropology, Jane Goodall became famous because of her books about her experiences at Gombe. Due to her naming and differentiating features in each chimpanzee, her books of Gombe experiences, as well as the television documentaries, are more similar to novels than to academic papers. Names such as David Greybeard, Fifi or Flo (the chimpanzees she first encountered and studied) became known thanks to her approach.

A good example of this would be Innocent Killers, published in 1971 with her husband at that time (Hugo van Lawick). This work is the result of a two-year-long study of African wild dogs, golden jackals, and spotted hyenas and depicts the life of these animals in their habitats. Goodall considers In the Shadow of Man (where she recounts her experiences with the primates) one of her greatest achievements because “people have said it changed the way they thought about animals”11. Visions of Caliban (co-authored with Dale Peterson) explores the interaction between humans and chimpanzees using Shakespeare’s The Tempest characters Prospero and Caliban as a metaphor of a forced master-slave relationship.  Goodall has also published a spiritual guide (Reason for Hope: A Spiritual Journey), where she describes her relationship with the natural world and the mysticism hidden in it.

Her publications have been successful and well-received by the public; in 1993, Visions of Caliban was on the New York Times list of Notable Books for 1993; Through a Window: My Thirty Years with the Chimpanzees at Gombe was included on that same list in 1991 and has been published in fifteen different languages; In the Shadow of Man has been translated into forty-eight languages.

Goodall is the author of several children’s books, where the bond between human and non-human animals is at the centre of the story or where she intends to present animals’ lives to children. An example is the Animal Family series, which includes different volumes.  Her publications have earned the Parenting’s Reading-Magic Award for “Outstanding Book for Children” and the UNICEF Award for the Best Children’s Book of 1989 for My life with the chimpanzees and the Austrian state prize for best children’s book of 1990 for Chimpanzee Family Book.

She has directed two episodes, about the lions of Serengeti and the baboons of Gombe, of the television documentary series The World About Us and written the documentary People of the Forest: Chimps at Gombe.

 

INTERTEXTUAL MATERIALS

Goodman, Karen and Kirk Simon (dir.) (1990), Chimps, So Like Us, HBO, film. This short movie profiles Jane Goodall’s work at Gombe and was nominated for 1990 Academy Award Best Short Documentary.

Boyd, William (1990), Brazzaville Beach, Sinclair-Stevenson, HarperCollins Publishings, New York. The story of the character was inspired by Jane Goodall’s personal life.

Stevie Nicks (1994), “Jane”, Street Angel, Modern Records/Atlantic Records, CD.

“Simpson Safari”, The Simpsons (Apr. 1 2001), dir. Mark Kirkland, wri. Matt Groening, perf. Tress MacNeille, 20th Century Fox, television. This episode features Dr. Bushwell, scientist that conducts in-field research on primates. This character is a parody of Jane Goodall.

Keulen, Sylvia (dir.) (Oct. 31 2001) “The trouble with Darwin”, The Wild Thornberrys, Nickelodeon. She voices her own character, who helps the main character to free chimpanzees.

Morgan-Mar, David (2005), “No. 832”, Irregular Webcomic <http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/832.html>, (last accessed 24 Jan. 2017).

Boswell, John D. (6 Jan. 2010), “Symphony of Science – ‘The Unbroken Thread’ (ft. Attenborough, Goodall, Sagan)”, Youtube, uploaded by  melodysheep <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOLAGYmUQV0> (last accessed 24 Jan. 2017). Music project created by an electronic musician that uses archive footage of different scientists to compose a song that explains certain scientific concepts. Jane Goodall is included in “The Unbroken Thread” about evolution and biology.

McDonell, Patrick (2011), “Me… Jane”, New York, Little, Brown Young Readers US. McDonell tells the story of young Jane Goodall and her toy chimpanzee Jubilee, which was an actual toy her father gave her as a child.

Winter, Jeanette (2011), The Watcher: Jane Goodall’s Life with the Chimps,New York, Schwartz & Wade. Illustrated children’s book that tells the story of the beginning of scientific research at Gombe.

Williams Foster, Marcel (perf.) (2011), Jane Goodall speaking with a Native about Nature, Low Lives, Philly Tech Week 2011, Philadelphia.

Ottaviani, Jim and Maris Wicks (2013), Primates: The Fearless Science of Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey, and Birute Galdikas, New York, First Second.

Pixel Pirate Studio (2 Jul. 2012), “Jane Goodall”, Vimeo, uploaded by Pixel Pirate Studio <https://vimeo.com/45110981> (last accessed 24 Jan. 2017). Short animated video, broadcast by Nickelodeon, of her achievements.

Over, Afi (animator) (11 Mar. 2016) “Jane Goodall’s Instinct | The Experimenters | Blank on Blank”, Youtube, uploaded by Blank on Blank <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3y4ZT0aj7OE>  (Last accessed Jan. 24 2017).

Ignotofsky, Rachel (illus.) (2016), “Jane Goodall”, in Women in Science: 50 Fearless Pioneers Who Changed the World, New York, Ten Speed Press.

Meltzer, Brad (2016), I Am Jane Goodall, illus. Christopher Eliopoulos, New York, Dial Books.

 

WORKS BY JANE GOODALL

“Feeding behaviour of wild chimpanzees: a preliminary report” (1963), Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, 10, 39-48.

“Tool-using and aimed throwing in a community of free-living chimpanzees” (1964), Nature, 201, 1264-1266.

“Mother-offspring relationships in chimpanzees” (1967), in D. Morris (Ed). Primate Ethology,  London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 287-345.

My Friends the Wild Chimpanzees, (1967) Washington, D.C., National Geographic Society with van Lawick, Hugo (1971) Innocent Killers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin; London, Collins.

“Expressive movements and communication in free-ranging chimpanzees: a preliminary report” (1968), in P. Jay (Ed). Primates: Studies in Adaptation and Variability, New York, Hold, Rinehart and Winston, 313-374.

In the Shadow of Man (1971), Boston: Houghton Mifflin; London, Collins.

“The behaviour of chimpanzees in their natural habitat” (1973), in The American Journal of Psychiatry, 130 (1), 1-12.

“Continuities between chimpanzee and human behaviour” (1976), In Human Origins: Louis Leakey and the East African Evidence, Oakland, W.J. Benjamin Inc.

“Life and Death at Gombe” (1979), in National Geographic, 155 (5), 592-621.

The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior. (1986),  Boston: Bellknap Press of the Harvard University Press.

with Prince, A. / J. Moor-Jankowski, / J. Eichberg, / H. Schellekens, / R. Mauler, and M. Girard, (1988) “Chimpanzees and AIDS research” in Nature, 333 (9), 513.

Through a Window: My Thirty Years with the Chimpanzees of Gombe (1990)  London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

with Wallis, J, (1993) “Anogenetal swelling in pregnant chimpanzees of Gombe National Park” in American Journal of Primatology. 31(2), 89-98.

With Peterson Dale (1993) Visions of Caliban, Boston, Houghton Mifflin.

with Stanford, C.B. / Wallis, J/ Mpongo, E (1994) “Hunting decisions in wild chimpanzees” in  Behaviour, 131, 1-18.

With Nichols, Michael (1999), Brutal Kinship, New York, Aperture Foundation.

With Berman, Phillip (1999), Reason For Hope: A Spiritual Journey, New York, Warner.

40 Years At Gombe (1999), New York, Stewart, Tabori, and Chang.

Africa In My Blood (2000) Dale Peterson (editor), New York, Houghton Mifflin Company.

Beyond Innocence: An Autobiography in Letters, The Later Years (2001), Dale Peterson (editor), New York, Houghton Mifflin Company.

with Constable, J. /  M. Ashley / A. Pusey, (2001), “Noninvasive paternity assignment in Gombe chimpanzees” in Molecular. Ecology, 10, 1279-1300.

With Bekoff, Marc (2002), The Ten Trusts: What We Must Do To Care for the Animals We Love, Harper San Francisco.

with Lonsdorf, E. V., (2002), “Cultures in chimpanzee” in Encyclopedia of Evolution, Oxford UK, Oxford University Press.

“Fifi fights back” (2003), National Geographic, 203 (4), 76-89.

with Pusey, A.E. / G.W. Oehlert / J.M. Williams (2005) “The influence of ecological and social factors on body mass of wild chimpanzees” in International Journal of Primatology, 26, 3-31.

with McAvoy, Gary and Gail Hudson (2005), Harvest for Hope: A Guide to Mindful Eating, New York, Warner Books.

with Williams, J.M. / E.V. Lonsdorf / M.L. Wilson / J. Schumacher-Stankey / A. E. Pusey (2008), “Causes of death in the Kasekela chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania”, in American Journal of Primatology, 70, 745-750.

with Maynard, Thane and Gail Hudson (2009), Hope for Animals and Their World: How Endangered Species Are Being Rescued from the Brink, New York, Grand Central Publishing.

50 Years at Gombe (2010), New York, Stewart, Tabori, and Chang.

with Degnan, P. H. / A.E. Pusey / E.V. Lonsdorf / M.L. Wilson / E.E. Wroblewski / R. Rudicell / B.H., Hahn / H. Ochman (2012), “Factors responsible for the diversification of the gut microbial communities within chimpanzees from Gombe National Park”, in Proceedings of the National Academy of Arts and Sciences, 109, 13034-13039.

with Hudson Gail (2014), Seeds of Hope: Wisdom and Wonder from the World of Plants, New York, Grand Central Publishing.

with Lonsdorf, E.V. / K.E. Anderson / M.A. Stanton / M. Shender / M.R. Heintz / C.M. Murray (2014), “Boys will be boys: Sex differences in wild infant chimpanzee social interactions,” Animal Behaviour, 88, 79-83.

 

Children’s Books

with H. van Lawick (1972), Grub: The Bush Baby, Boston, Houghton Mifflin.

My Life with the Chimpanzees (1988), New York, Byron Preiss Visual Publications, Inc.

The Chimpanzee Family Book (1989), London, Picture Book Studio.

Jane Goodall’s Animal World: Chimps (1989), New York, Macmillan.

Animal Family Series: Chimpanzee Family; Lion Family; Elephant Family; Zebra Family; Giraffe Family; Baboon Family; Hyena Family; Wildebeest Family (1989), Toronto, Madison Marketing Ltd.

With Love (1994), illus. Alan Marks, London, North-South Books.

Dr. White (1999), illus. Julie Litty, New York, North-South Books.

The Eagle & the Wren (2000), illus. Alexander Reichstein, New York, NorthSouth Books.

Chimpanzees I Love: Saving Their World and Ours (2001), New York, Scholastic Press.

with Marks, Alan (2004), Rickie and Henri: A True Story, New York, Penguin Young Readers Group.

with Neugebauer, Michael (2014), The Chimpanzee Children of Gombe, Hong Kong, minedition.

 

FURTHER READING

Greene, Meg (2005), Jane Goodall, a Biography, Westport, Greenwood Publishing Group.

Jane’s Journey (2010), dir. Lorenz Knauer, Animal Planet, CC Medien, NEOS Film and Sphinx Media, film.

Jane and Payne (2014), dir. Boy Olmi, LSD Live, film.

“Jane Goodall” (2013), Of Beauty and Consolation, interviewed by Wim Kayzer,  Youtube, uploaded by Vpro, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-JoFphwJRxs> (last accessed 24 Jan. 2017).

Jane Goodall: Reason For Hope, (1999), dir. Emily Goldberg, KTCA, television.

Jane Goodall’s Return to Gombe (2004), dir. Mark Bristow, NHK, television.

Jane Goodall’s Wild Chimpanzees (2002), dir. David Lickley, IMA, DVD.

Miss Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees (1965), dir./wri. Marshall Flaum, National Geographic, television.

Peterson, Dale (2006), Jane Goodall: The Woman Who Redefined Man, Boston, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Peterson, Dale / Mark Bekoff (2015), The Jane Effect: Celebrating Jane Goodall, San Antonio (Texas), Trinity University Press.

The Life and Legend of Jane Goodall (1990), wri. Patrick Prentice and Lynn McDevitt, National Geographic, DVD.

 

WORKS CITED

  1. York, Richard (2006), “GOODALL’S LIGHT: Twenty Years With The Chimpanzees of Gombe”, Organization & Environment, 19 (3), 371-374.
  2. Crain, Wiliam (2009), “Jane Goodall”, Encounter,  22 (1), 2-6.
  3. Jones, Abigail (31 Nov. 2015), “Other Jungles”, Newsweek Global, 163  (17), 26-35.
  4. Schleier, Curt (May 2000), “Jane of the Jungle: Jane Goodall’s Life Among The Chimps”, Biography Magazine, 4 (5)  88-121.
  5. Among The Wild Chimpanzees (1984), wri. Barbara Jamper, National Geographic, television.
  6. Nicholls, Henry (1 Apr. 2014), “Jane Goodall: How she redefined mankind”, BBC <http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140331-the-woman-who-redefined-mankind> (last accessed 24 Jan. 2017).
  7. Kozleski, Lisa (2003), Jane Goodall: Primatologist, Naturalist, New York, Chelsea House Publishers.
  8.  Jardins, Julie des (2015), The Marie Curie Complex: the hidden story of women in science, New York, Feminist Press.
  9. Quanmen, David (Dec. 2010), “Fifty Years at Gombe”, National Geographic, Vol. 218, (4) <http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/print/2010/10/jane-goodall/quammen-text> (last accessed 26 Jan. 2017).
  10. Goodall, Jane (2011) “Going Ape” interviewed by Robert Hinde, Biologist, 58 (4), 22-25.
  11. Greenstreet, Rosana (23 Feb. 2013), “Q&A: Jane Goodall”, The Guardian <https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2013/feb/23/jane-goodall-interview> (last accessed 27 Jan. 2017).
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